Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the joints. It can also cause fatigue, eye problems, and a higher likelihood of dental issues.
Up to 35% of people may also experience jaw pain and inflammation due to PsA. A 2021 study found that people with PsA were three times more likely to develop an advanced stage of dental disease and tooth decay.
This article examines the connection between PsA and dental health and explores tips for maintaining good oral health.
- a family history of psoriasis
- oral pain within the last 12 months
- poor gum health
- speech difficulties due to dental issues
A 2021 study found a possible link between the two conditions. Specifically, people with PsA were more likely to have severe stage III gum disease than those without PsA.
- have more severe gum inflammation
- experience more bone loss
- have more missing teeth
Drugs that treat immune-related conditions such as psoriatic arthritis may also affect a person’s immune system, putting them at greater risk of severe infections, including infections of the teeth and mouth that can cause tooth loss or worsen oral health.
While there is no research on dental implants in people with PsA, a 2017 review suggests that implants have a higher chance of failing in people with rheumatoid arthritis, another form of arthritis that involves the immune system.
- using toothpaste that contains fluoride and drinking fluoridated water
- brushing twice a day
- flossing every day to control plaque to avoid gum disease or dental caries
- visiting the dentist at least once a year
- avoiding tobacco products and keeping alcohol to a minimum
- asking about alternative medications if current ones are causing dry mouth
The WHO also recommends eating a balanced diet filled with varied fruits and vegetables and opting for water as the main drink.